Aromatherapy is one of the wonderful gifts of nature to mankind. It is a natural holistic treatment that uses extracts from natural plants to promote health and well-being. As essential oil therapy is the base behind the science and art of Aromatherapy, it is also known as essential oil therapy. This therapy uses essential oils medically to improve the health of the body, mind, and spirit. This eventually enhances both physical and mental health. Because of this unique process involving healing of body and mind, Aromatherapy is considered as an amalgamation of both science and art. Due to its beneficial aspects, Aromatherapy has gained recognition in the fields of science and medicine.
The term Aromatherapy was coined by a French perfumer and chemist René -Maurice Gattefosse' in a book written in 1937, who had previously discovered the healing potential of Lavender in treating burns. But the concept of Aromatherapy is not a boon of modern science. Amazingly the ancient cultures of India,Egypt, China had assimilated aromatic components in resins,balms, and oils. These natural substances were used for multiple health benefits like physical, psychological benefits and also for medical and religious purposes.

How does Aromatherapy work?

Aromatherapy fundamentally works on three main levels- through the sense of smell, through absorption and through absorption via skin.

SMELL
It works by stimulating smell receptors in the nose,which then sends the message to the limbic system,which is the emotion controlling part of the brain.This way it triggers physical or even mental emotions and allows vivid memory recall of people or places.
ABSORPTION
Another effective way that Aromatherapy works is through the inhalation of the essential oils which then travels internally and get absorbed. This is especially effective within the respiratory system as their anti-ba cterial and anti-viral properties make them ideal for maintaining a healthy respiratory system.This includes the sinuses, throat, and chest . It also helps to relieve symptoms of infections and allergies.

ABSORPTION THROUGH SKIN
The molecules in the essential oils are small enough to allow them to penetrate through the skin. The molecules travel through the epidermis reaching the dermis and to the blood allowing them to circulate through to all body areas.
.This natural therapy offers a bunch of benefits like -it manages pain,improves sleep quality, reduces stress, agitation, and anxiety, soothe sore joints, treat headaches and migraines, alleviate side effects of chemotherapy, ease discomforts of labor, fight bacteria, virus, or fungus, improve digestion, improves hospice and palliative care, boost immunity . This soothing therapy also has the potential to treat various conditions such as Asthma, insomnia, fatigue, depression, inflammation, peripheral neuropathy,alopecia, cancer, erectile dysfunction, arthritis, menopause.
Some of the popular essential oils include Clary Sage,Cypress,eucalyptus, fennel,Lavender, lemon and so on. Each of these essential oils has an array of unique healing properties, uses, and effects. Combining essential oils to create a synergistic blend creates even more benefits.

SIDE EFFECTS
Most of the essential oils are safe to use when used as directed. But there are some precautions one should take when using them, as well as side effects you should be aware of, especially if you take any prescription medications. One safety tip would be to always applying a carrier oil to dilute the essential oil to avoid side on the skin. It is advisable to do a skin patch test before applying essential oils. Citrus essential oils may make your skin more sensitive to the sun, therefore these oils should be avoided if you will be exposed to the sun. Incase of children and women who are pregnant or breastfeeding,essential oils should be used with caution and under medical supervision. Side effects include rash,asthma, headaches, skin irritation and allergic reactions.